Jan 212014
 

Suffixes  คือคำที่ใส่ไว้ท้ายคำรากศัพท์เพื่อช่วยเปลี่ยนความหมายของคำรากศัพท์เดิม (เช่นเดียวกับ prefixes ที่เอาไว้เติมหน้าคำรากศัพท์)  ตารางด้านล่างนี้เป็นตัวอย่างในการใช้ Suffixes

Suffix Meaning Examples
-able/-ible capable of portable, legible
-ac/-ic like/related to cardiac, Nordic
-acy state/quality of being privacy, legitimacy
-acious/-icious full of gracious, malicious
-al related to logical, philosophical
-ance/-ence state/quality of being maintenance, permanence
-dom state/quality of being freedom, kingdom
-eer/-er/-or person who mountaineer, writer, counsellor
-escent becoming, to be adolescent, fluorescent
-esque like/reminiscent of picturesque, Kafkaesque
-fy to make magnify, electrify
-iferous containing, yielding vociferous, carboniferous
-ise make, become civilise, terrorise
-ish having qualities of hellish, fiendish
-ism doctrine, belief, practice favouritism, communism
-ist person who chemist, florist
-ity state/quality of being ingenuity, oddity
-less without brainless, endless
-ment state/quality of being, result of action, process enjoyment, embankment, abridgement
-ness state of being thinness, loneliness
-oid like celluloid, ovoid
-ose full of adipose, verbose
-osis condition hypnosis, psychosis
-ous full of illustrious, nauseous
-ship position held friendship, membership
-sion/-tion state/quality of being torsion, transition
-tude state/quality of being fortitude, certitude
-y characterised by funny, greedy

 

Prefixes ในภาษาอังกฤษ