Jan 212014
 

รากศัพท์ [Root Words] คือคำที่มีความหมายในตัวมันเอง เมื่อนำไปเป็นส่วนประกอบในการสร้างคำศัพท์ใหม่ทำให้เราสามารถทราบถึงความหมายของคำศัพท์ใหม่ได้ง่ายขึ้น

ROOT MEANING EXAMPLE WORDS
Ambi Both
  • Ambidextrous – Use both hands well
  • Ambiguity – Double meaning, can be interpreted in more than one way
Aqua Water
  • Aquarium – Artificial environment for water plants and animals
  • Aquatic – Plant or animal living in water
Art Skill
  • Artistic – Natural skill in art
  • Artisan – Skilled manual work
Auto Self
  • Automatic – Working by itself
  • Autonomous – Having self-government
Bi Two, Twice
  • Biannual – Occurring twice in a year
  • Bigamy – Being married twice
Bio Life
  • Biology – Study of living things
  • Biohazard – Risk to living things
Cardio Heart
  • Cardiology – Branch of medicine dealing with the heart
  • Cardiovascular – Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Cent Hundred
  • Centenary – Hundredth Anniversary
  • Centenarian – Person who is hundred or more years old
Cert Sure
  • Certificate – Document attesting a fact like birth, death, graduation, marriage etc
  • Certitude – Feeling of certainty
Chrono Time
  • Chronology – Study of events in the order of their occurrence
  • Chronograph – Instrument that records time with high accuracy
Counter Contrary
  • Counter-intuitive – Contrary to intuition
  • Counter-productive – Having the opposite effect as intended
De Remove
  • Detoxify – Remove the poisonous substances
  • Dethrone – Remove from the throne
Dem People
  • Democracy – System of government elected by the people
  • Demography – Statistics of births, deaths, mortality etc. of people
Derm Skin
  • Dermatologist – Doctor specialized in the study of skin disorders
  • Dermatitis – Inflammation of the skin
Flor Flower
  • Florist – Person who sells flowers
  • Floral – Decorated with flowers
Gastro Stomach
  • Gastritis – Inflammation of the stomach lining
  • Gastroenterologist – Doctor specialized in the study of stomach and intestinal disorders
Grat Pleasing
  • Gratify – Delight or please someone
  • Gratuity – Tip, token of appreciation
Hepa Liver
  • Hepatitis – Inflammation of the liver
  • Hepatic – Relating to the liver
Hept Seven
  • Heptagon – Figure with seven sides
  • Heptathlon – Athletic event having seven events
Hex Six
  • Hexagon – Figure with six sides
  • Hexavalent – Having a valency of six
Inter Between
  • Interconnect – Connect with each other
  • Interdepend – Depend on each other
Iso Equal
  • Isosceles – Triangle having two equal sides
  • Isobar – Line on map connecting points of equal barometer pressures
Jud Law
  • Judiciary – Collective of judges
  • Judgement – Decision of a court
Kilo Thousand
  • Kilogram – Thousand grams
  • Kilolitre – Thousand litres
Lacto Milk
  • Lactic – Obtained from mil
  • Lactose – Sugar occurring in milk
Mal Bad
  • Malevolent – Wishing bad things on others
  • Malice – Intention to do evil
Mort Death
  • Mortuary – Place where dead bodies are kept until they are cremated or buried
  • Mortician – Undertaker
Narr Tell
  • Narrate – To tell a story
  • Narrator – Person who tells a story.
Nov New
  • Novelty – Newness or originality
  • Novice – Beginner
Oct Eight
  • Octagon – Figure with eight sides
  • Octave – Stanza of eight lines
Ocu Eye
  • Ocular – Connected with the eyes
  • Oculist – Specialist in the medical treatment of eye disorders
Omni All
  • Omnipresent – Present everywhere at the same time
  • Omnivorous – Eating all kinds of foods
Ortho Straight
  • Orthodontics – Dealing with straightening of teeth
  • Orthopaedics – Dealing with the straightening of bones
Pan All
  • Panorama – An all-around view
  • Pandemic – Prevalent all over a country or world
Ped Foot
  • Pedicure – Treatment of the feet
  • Pedal – Foot operated lever
Poly Many
  • Polygon – Figure with many sides
  • Polygamy – Having more than one husband or wife at the same time
Psych Mind
  • Psychiatry – Study of mental diseases
  • Psych – Prepare oneself mentally for a task
Quad Four
  • Quadruple – Increase four times
  • Quadrangle – Figure having four sides
Quin Five
  • Quintuple – Increase five times
  • Quintuplet – Five children born at the same time
Semi Half
  • Semi-circle – Half of a circle
  • Semiaquatic – Animal living partly on land and partly in water
Sept Seven
  • Septuplet – Seven children born at the same time
  • Septuagenarian – People aged before 70 and 79
Trans Across
  • Transpacific – Across the Pacific Ocean
  • Transnational – Across national boundaries
Tri Three
  • Triangle – Figure with three sides
  • Triathlon – Athletic event having three events
Uni One
  • Unitarian – People who believes God is one person
  • Unique – One of a kind
Vince Conquer
  • Invincible – One who cannot be conquered
  • Convince – Persuade a person