Aug 162013
 

ในบทความนี้เราจะมาทำความรู้จักกับคำย่อหรือตัวย่อ(Abbreviations)ในภาษาอังกฤษต่างๆ ที่มักพบได้บ่อย

  • a/c ==> account (or air conditioning!)
  • ad ==> advertisement
  • AD ==> Anno Domini (e.g., AD 450)
  • AGM ==> Annual General Meeting
  • a.m. ==> ante meridiem, “before noon”
  • approx. ==> approximately
  • BA ==> Bachelor of Arts (degree)
  • BC ==> before Christ
  • BCE ==> before the Common Era (used instead of BC)
  • BSc ==> Bachelor of Science (degree)
  • c ==> circa, “about” or “approximately” (as in c 1800)
  • c. ==> century (as in the 19th c.)
  • cc ==> carbon copy, “send a copy to”
  • CE ==> of the Common Era (used instead of AD)
  • CEO ==> chief executive officer
  • cf. ==> confer, the Latin term for “compare with”
  • c/o ==> care of (used on letters)
  • cm ==> centimetre
  • COD ==> cash on delivery
  • dept. ==> department
  • Dr. ==> Doctor
  • e.g. ==> exempli gratia, “for example”
  • esp. ==> especially

  • ETA ==> estimated time of arrival
  • et al. ==> et alii, “and others”
  • etc. ==> et cetera, “and so on”
  • ibid. ==> ibidem, “in the same book or passage”
  • id. ==> idem, “the same”, used to refer to an author’s work that has just been cited in the text
  • i.e. ==> id est, “that is to say”
  • kg ==> kilogram
  • km ==> kilometre
  • lb ==> pound (weight)
  • MD ==> Doctor of Medicine (from Medicinae Doctor)
  • MS ==> Manuscript
  • n/a ==> not applicable
  • NB ==> nota bene, “it is important to note”
  • no. ==> Number
  • p ==> page
  • p.a. ==> per annum, “per year”
  • p.m. ==> post meridiem, “after noon”
  • pp ==> pages
  • PhD ==> Doctor of Philosophy
  • Prof. ==> Professor
  • PS ==> post scriptum, an additional remark at the end of a letter
  • PTO ==> please turn over
  • q.v. ==> quod vide, “which see”, directs the reader to another part of a text for additional information
  • re ==>res (“thing” in Latin) “with reference to, in the matter of, about, concerning”
  • sp. ==> spelling
  • St. ==> Saint
  • viz. ==> videlicet, “namely”
 Posted by at 12:12 pm

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